In South America, the White Black Beetle (Hedypathes betulinus) is the major pest of the important agricultural crop Yerba Mate. Vinyards in Spain are affected by infestations of Vesperus xatari and Xylotrechus arvicola while the white stem borer (Xylotrechus quadripes) damages Arabica coffee in India.
Within North America, several cerambycid pests cause appreciable economic damage. The Old House Borer (Hylotrupes bajulus ) damages dry lumber and wooden structures while the California Root Borer (Prionus californicus ) damages several agricultural crops. Members of the genus Xylotrechus and Monochamus degrade cut timber as well as damaging living trees. In addition Monochamus beetles vector the pine wood nematode, the causal agent of pine wilt disease.
Some introduced cerambycid species have become notorious pests including the Brown spruce longhorn beetle Tetropium fuscum, Asian longhorn beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis, and Eucalyptus Longhorn borer, Phoracantha recurva. There are many lesser known species such as Brown Fir Longhorned Beetle, Callidiellum villosulum, Japanese cedar longhorn beetle, Callidiellum rufipenne and Citrus Longhorn Beetle Anoplophora chinensis, which have the potential to be serious threats to ecosystems or urban environments as introduced species.
Recently Dr. Larry Hanks, Dr. Jocelyn Miller and their collaborators have built upon early research identifying cerambycid pheromones. The Hanks Miller collaboration has identified a group of generic pheromones that have a recurring motif of 2,3- hydroxy ketones and diols with chain lengths as 6, 8 or 10 carbons. These pheromones and a few others like monochamol, and fuscumole acetate are widely distributed within the Longhorn beetles. There are already thousands of species identified that respond to these compounds but they are far from being fully characterized. Much work still needs to be done identifying appropriate synergistic kairomones to use with these pheromones. These pheromones are powerful new tools for survey or management.